yabo手机版

习近平:在纪念马克思诞辰200周年大会上的讲话

tongzhimen:

  jintian,womenhuaizheshifenchongjingdexinqing,zaizheililongzhongjihui,jinianmakesidanchen200zhounian,mianhuaimakesideweidarengehelishigongji,zhongwenmakesidechonggaojingshenheguanghuisixiang。

  makesishiquanshijiewuchanjiejihelaodongrenmindegemingdaoshi,shimakesizhuyidezhuyaochuangshiren,shimakesizhuyizhengdangdedizaozheheguojigongchanzhuyidekaichuangzhe,shijindaiyilaizuiweidadesixiangjia。lianggeshijiguoqule,renleishehuifashenglejudaershenkedebianhua,danmakesidemingziyiranzaishijiegedishoudaorenmendezunjing,makesidexueshuoyiranshanshuozheyaoyandezhenliguangmang!

  1818nian5yue5ri,makesidanshengzaideguotelierchengdeyigelvshijiating。zaozaizhongxueshidai,tajiushulileweirenleixingfuergongzuodezhixiang。daxueshidai,makesiguangfanzuanyanzhexue、lishixue、faxuedengzhishi,tanxunrenleishehuifazhandeaomi。zai《laiyinbao》gongzuoqijian,makesixilipengjipulushizhengfudezhuanzhitongzhi,weihurenminquanli。1843nianyijubalihou,makesijijicanyugongrenyundong,zaigemingshijianheliluntansuodejiehezhongwanchenglecongweixinzhuyidaoweiwuzhuyi、conggemingminzhuzhuyidaogongchanzhuyidezhuanbian。1845nian,makesi、engesihezuozhuanxiele《deyizhiyishixingtai》,diyicibijiaoxitongdichanshulelishiweiwuzhuyijibenyuanli。1848nian,makesi、engesihezuozhuanxiele《gongchandangxuanyan》,yijingwenshijiuzhendongleshijie。engesishuo,《gongchandangxuanyan》shi“quanbushehuizhuyiwenxianzhongchuanbozuiguanghezuijuyouguojixingdezhuzuo,shicongxiboliyadaojialifuniyadeqianbaiwangongrengongrendegongtonggangling”。

  1848nian,xijuanouzhoudezichanjiejiminzhugemingbaofa,makesijijitourubingzhidaozheichanggemingdouzheng。gemingshibaihou,makesishenkezongjiegemingjiaoxun,liqiutongguoxitongyanjiuzhengzhijingjixue,jieshizibenzhuyidebenzhiheguilv。1867nianwenshide《zibenlun》shimakesizhuyizuihouzhong、zuifengfudezhuzuo,beiyuwei“gongrenjiejideshengjing”。wannian,makesiyiranmiqieguanzhushijiefazhanxinqushihegongrenyundongxinqingkuang,nuliconggenghongdadeshiyesikaorenleishehuifazhanwenti。

  ——makesideyisheng,shixionghuaichonggaolixiang、weirenleijiefangbuxiefendoudeyisheng。1835nian,17suidemakesizaitadegaozhongbiyezuowen《qingnianzaixuanzezhiyeshidekaolv》zhongzheiyangxiedao:“ruguowomenxuanzelezuinengweirenleiergongzuodezhiye,neime,zhongdanjiubunengbawomenyadao,yinweizheishiweidajiazuochudexisheng;neishiwomensuoxiangshoudejiubushikeliande、youxiande、zisidelequ,womendexingfujiangshuyuqianbaiwanren,womendeshiyejiangqiaoranwushengdicunzaixiaqu,danshitahuiyongyuanfahuizuoyong,ermianduiwomendeguhui,gaoshangderenmenjiangsaxiarelei。”makesiyishengbaochangdianpeiliulidejianxin、pinbingjiaojiadejianao,dantachuxinbugai、shizhibuyu,weirenleijiefangdechonggaolixiangerbuxiefendou,chengjiuleweidarensheng。

  ——makesideyisheng,shibuweijiannanxianzu、weizhuiqiuzhenlieryongpansixianggaofengdeyisheng。makesicengjingxiedao:“zaikexueshangmeiyoupingtandedadao,zhiyoubuweilaokuyanzhedouqiaoshanlupandengderen,caiyouxiwangdadaoguanghuidedingdian。”makesiweichuanglikexueliluntixi,fuchulechangrennanyixiangxiangdejianxin,zuizhongdadaoleguanghuidedingdian。tabolanqunshu、guangfanshelie,bujinshenrulejieheyanjiuzhexueshehuikexuegegexuekezhishi,erqieshenrulejieheyanjiugezhongzirankexuezhishi,nulicongrenleichuangzaodeyiqiewenmingchengguozhongjiquyangliao。makesibishengwangwogongzuo,jingchangmeitiangongzuo16gexiaoshi。makesizaijiyourendexinzhongtandao,weile《zibenlun》dexiezuo,“woyizhizaifenmudebianyuanpaihuai。yinci,wobudebuliyongwohainenggongzuodemeishimeikelaiwanchengwodezhuzuo”。jishizaiduobingdewannian,makesirengranbuduanmaixiangxindekexuelingyuhemubiao,xiexialeshuliangpangdadelishixue、renleixue、shuxuedengxuekebiji。zhengruengesisuoshuo:“makesizaitasuoyanjiudemeiyigelingyu,shenzhizaishuxuelingyu,douyoududaodefaxian,zheiyangdelingyushihenduode,erqieqizhongrenheyigelingyutadoubushiqianchangzhezhi。”

  ——makesideyisheng,shiweituifanjiushijie、jianlixinshijieerbuxizhandoudeyisheng。engesishuo,“makesishouxianshiyigegemingjia”,“douzhengshitadeshengmingyaosu。henshaoyourenxiangtaneiyangmanqiangreqing、jianrenbubahezhuoyouchengxiaodijinxingdouzheng”。makesibishengdeshimingjiushiweirenminjiefangerfendou。weilegaibianrenminshouboxue、shouyapodemingyun,makesiyiwufangutoushenhonghonglieliedegongrenyundong,shizhongzhanzaigemingdouzhengzuiqianyan。talingdaochuangjianleshijieshangdiyigewuchanjiejizhengdang——gongchanzhuyizhetongmeng,lingdaoleshijieshangdiyigeguojigongrenzuzhi——guojigongrenxiehui,reqingzhichishijieshangdiyicigongrenjiejiduoquzhengquandegeming——baligongshegeming,manqiangreqing、baizhebunaotuidonggeguogongrenyundongfazhan。

  makesishidingtianlidideweiren,yeshiyouxueyouroudechangren。tareaishenghuo,zhenchengposhi,zhongqingzhongyi。makesi、engesidegemingyouyizhangda40nian。zhengrulieningsuoshuo:“gulaochuanshuozhongyougezhongfeichangdongrendeyouyigushi”,danmakesi、engesideyouyi“chaoguolegurenguanyurenleiyouyideyiqiezuidongrendechuanshuo”。makesiwusizizhugemingshiye,jishizaizijishenghuojidukunnandeqingkuangxiarengranjinzuidanulibangzhugemingzhanyou。makesiheqiziyannihuannanyugong,puxielelixiangheaiqingdemingyunjiaoxiangqu。

  tongzhimen!

  makesijiwomenliuxiadezuiyoujiazhi、zuijuyingxianglidejingshencaifu,jiushiyitamingzimingmingdekexuelilun——makesizhuyi。zheiyililunyouruzhuangliderichu,zhaolianglerenleitansuolishiguilvhexunqiuzishenjiefangdedaolu。

  makesiyouyijumingyan:“pipandewuqidangranbunengdaitiwuqidepipan,wuzhililiangzhinengyongwuzhililianglaicuihui;danshililunyijingzhangwoqunzhong,yehuibianchengwuzhililiang。”makesizhuyizhuyaoyouzhexue、zhengzhijingjixue、kexueshehuizhuyisandazuchengbufengoucheng。zheisandazuchengbufenfenbielaiyuanyudeguogudianzhexue、yingguogudianzhengzhijingjixue、faguokongxiangshehuizhuyi,raner,zuizhongshenghuaweimakesizhuyidegenbenyuanyin,shimakesiduisuochudeshidaiheshijiedeshenrukaocha,shimakesiduirenleishehuifazhanguilvdeshenkebawo。makesishuo:“gongchandangrendelilunyuanli,juebushiyizheigehuoneigeshijiegaigejiasuofaminghuofaxiandesixiang、yuanzeweigenjude。”“zheixieyuanlibuguoshixiancundejiejidouzheng、womenyanqiandelishiyundongdezhenshiguanxideyibanbiaoshu。”

  zhiyouzaizhenggerenleifazhandelishizhanghezhong,cainengtoushichulishiyundongdebenzhiheshidaifazhandefangxiang。makesidekexueyanjiu,jiuxianglieningsuoshuodeneiyang,“fanshirenleishehuisuochuangzaodeyiqie,tadouyoupipandizhongxinjiayitantao,renheyidianyemeiyouhulveguoqu。fanshirenleisixiangsuojianshudeyiqie,tadoufangzaigongrenyundongzhongjianyanguo,zhongxinjiayitantao,jiayipipan,congerdechuleneixiebeizichanjiejixiaaixingsuoxianzhihuobeizichanjiejipianjianshufuzhuderensuobunengdechudejielun。”makesidesixianglilunyuanyuneigeshidaiyouchaoyueleneigeshidai,jishineigeshidaijingshendejinghuayoushizhenggerenleijingshendejinghua。

  ——makesizhuyishikexuedelilun,chuangzaoxingdijieshilerenleishehuifazhanguilv。zaimakesitichukexueshehuizhuyizhiqian,kongxiangshehuizhuyizhezaoyicunzai,tamenhuaizhebeitianminrendeqinggan,duilixiangshehuiyouhenduomeihaodeshexiang,danyouyumeiyoujieshishehuifazhanguilv,meiyouzhaodaoshixianlixiangdeyouxiaotujing,yineryejiunanyizhenzhengduishehuifazhanfashengzuoyong。makesichuangjianleweiwushiguanheshengyujiazhixueshuo,jieshilerenleishehuifazhandeyibanguilv,jieshilezibenzhuyiyunxingdeteshuguilv,weirenleizhiminglecongbiranwangguoxiangziyouwangguofeiyuedetujing,weirenminzhimingleshixianziyouhejiefangdedaolu。

  ——makesizhuyishirenmindelilun,diyicichuanglilerenminshixianzishenjiefangdesixiangtixi。makesizhuyibodajingshen,guigendaodijiushiyijuhua,weirenleiqiujiefang。zaimakesizhiqian,shehuishangzhantongzhidiweidelilundoushiweitongzhijiejifuwude。makesizhuyidiyicizhanzairenmindelichangtanqiurenleiziyoujiefangdedaolu,yikexuedelilunweizuizhongjianliyigemeiyouyapo、meiyouboxue、renrenpingdeng、renrenziyoudelixiangshehuizhiminglefangxiang。makesizhuyizhisuoyijuyoukuayueguodu、kuayueshidaideyingxiangli,jiushiyinweitazhigenrenminzhizhong,zhimingleyikaorenmintuidonglishiqianjinderenjianzhengdao。

  ——makesizhuyishishijiandelilun,zhiyinzherenmingaizaoshijiedexingdong。makesishuo,“quanbushehuishenghuozaibenzhishangshishijiande”,“zhexuejiamenzhishiyongbutongdefangshijieshishijie,wentizaiyugaibianshijie”。shijiandeguandian、shenghuodeguandianshimakesizhuyirenshilundejibenguandian,shijianxingshimakesizhuyililunqubieyuqitalilundexianzhutezheng。makesizhuyibushishuzhailidexuewen,ershiweilegaibianrenminlishimingyunerchuanglide,shizairenminqiujiefangdeshijianzhongxingchengde,yeshizairenminqiujiefangdeshijianzhongfengfuhefazhande,weirenminrenshishijie、gaizaoshijietigongleqiangdajingshenliliang。

  ——makesizhuyishibuduanfazhandekaifangdelilun,shizhongzhanzaishidaiqianyan。makesiyizaigaojierenmen,makesizhuyililunbushijiaotiao,ershixingdongzhinan,bixusuizheshijiandebianhuaerfazhan。yibumakesizhuyifazhanshijiushimakesi、engesiyijitamendehoujizhemenbuduangenjushidai、shijian、renshifazhanerfazhandelishi,shibuduanxishourenleilishishangyiqieyouxiusixiangwenhuachengguofengfuzijidelishi。yinci,makesizhuyinenggouyongbaoqimeimiaozhiqingchun,buduantansuoshidaifazhantichudexinketi、huiyingrenleishehuimianlindexintiaozhan。

  tongzhimen!

  《gongchandangxuanyan》fabiao170nianlai,makesizhuyizaishijieshangdedaoguangfanchuanbo。zairenleisixiangshishang,meiyouyizhongsixianglilunxiangmakesizhuyineiyangduirenleichanshengleruciguangfanershenkedeyingxiang。

  zaimakesiqinzilingdaoxia,zaimakesizhuyizhidaoxia,“diyiguoji”dengguojigongrenzuzhixiangjichuanglihefazhan,zaibutongshiqizhidaohetuidongleguojigongrenyundongdelianhehedouzheng。zaimakesizhuyiyingxiangxia,makesizhuyizhengdangzaishijiefanweineiruyuhouchunsunbanjianlihefazhanqilai,renmindiyicichengweizijimingyundezhuren,chengweishixianzishenjiefanghequanrenleijiefangdegenbenzhengzhililiang。

  lieninglingdaodeshiyuegemingqudeshengli,shehuizhuyiconglilunbianweixianshi,dapolezibenzhuyiyitongtianxiadeshijiegeju。diercishijiedazhanjieshuhou,yidapishehuizhuyiguojiadansheng,tebieshizhonghuarenmingongheguochengli,jidazhuangdaleshijieshehuizhuyililiang。jinguanshijieshehuizhuyizaifazhanzhongyehuichuxianquzhe,danrenleishehuifazhandezongqushimeiyougaibian,yebuhuigaibian。

  makesi、engesijijizhichibeiyapominzuherenmindejiefangdouzheng。jinru20shijihou,yilieningweidaibiaodemakesizhuyizhejichenghefazhanmakesizhuyiminzulilun,zhidaohezhichizhimindibanzhimindiguojiaminzujiefangyundong。diercishijiedazhanjieshuhou,yidapihuodedulihejiefangdeminzuguojiajianliqilai,chediwajielediguozhuyidezhimintixi,shijiegeminzupingdengjiaowang、gongtongfazhanzhanxianchuguangmingqianjing。

  jintian,makesizhuyijidatuijinlerenleiwenmingjincheng,zhijinyiranshijuyouzhongdaguojiyingxiangdesixiangtixihehuayutixi,makesizhijinyiranbeigongrenwei“qianniandiyisixiangjia”。

  tongzhimen!

  makesizhuyibujinshenkegaibianleshijie,yeshenkegaibianlezhongguo。zhonghuaminzuzaijiqianniandelishijinchengzhongchuangzaolecanlandezhonghuawenming,weirenleiwenmingjinbuzuochulezhongdagongxian。1840nianyapianzhanzhengyihou,xifanglieqiangpingzhejianchuanlipaoyemanhongkailezhongguodedamen,zhonghuaminzuxianruneiyouwaihuandebeicanjingdi。

  diguozhuyideyemanqinlvehezhongguorenmindeshenzhongkunanyinqilemakesigaoduguanzhu。dierciyapianzhanzhengqijian,makesizhuanxieleshijipianguanyuzhongguodetongxun,xiangshijiejieluxifanglieqiangqinlvezhongguodezhenxiang,weizhongguorenminshenzhangzhengyi。makesi、engesigaodukendingzhonghuawenmingduirenleiwenmingjinbudegongxian,kexueyujianle“zhongguoshehuizhuyi”dechuxian,shenzhiweitamenxinzhongdexinzhongguoqulejinglidemingzi——“zhonghuagongheguo”。

  jindaiyihou,zhengquminzuduli、renminjiefangheshixianguojiafuqiang、renminxingfujiuchengweizhongguorenmindelishirenwu。zaijiushidenongminzhanzhengzoudaojintou,buchudongfengjiangenjideziqiangyundonghegailiangzhuyilvlvpengbi,zichanjiejigemingpailingdaodegeminghexifangzibenzhuyideqitazhongzhongfanganfenfenpochandeqingkuangxia,shiyuegemingyishengpaoxiang,weizhongguosonglailemakesilieningzhuyi,jikukutanxunjiuwangtucunchuludezhongguorenminzhimingleqianjinfangxiang、tigonglequanxinxuanze。

  zaizheigelishidachaozhong,yigeyimakesizhuyiweizhidao、yigeyongdanminzufuxinglishidaren、yigebijiangdailingzhongguorenminchuangzaorenjianqijidemakesizhuyizhengdang——zhongguogongchandangyingyunersheng。

  zhongguogongchandangdanshenghou,zhongguogongchandangrenbamakesizhuyijibenyuanlitongzhongguogeminghejianshedejutishijijieheqilai,tuanjiedailingrenminjingguozhangqifendou,wanchengxinminzhuzhuyigemingheshehuizhuyigeming,jianliqizhonghuarenmingongheguoheshehuizhuyijibenzhidu,jinxingleshehuizhuyijianshedejianxintansuo,shixianlezhonghuaminzucongdongyabingfudaozhanqilaideweidafeiyue。zheiyiweidafeiyueyitieyibandeshishizhengming,zhiyoushehuizhuyicainengjiuzhongguo!

  gaigekaifangyilai,zhongguogongchandangrenbamakesizhuyijibenyuanlitongzhongguogaigekaifangdejutishijijieheqilai,tuanjiedailingrenminjinxingjianshezhongguoteseshehuizhuyixindeweidashijian,shizhongguodatabuganshangleshidai,shixianlezhonghuaminzucongzhanqilaidaofuqilaideweidafeiyue。zheiyiweidafeiyueyitieyibandeshishizhengming,zhiyouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyicainengfazhanzhongguo!

  zaixinshidai,zhongguogongchandangrenbamakesizhuyijibenyuanlitongxinshidaizhongguojutishijijieheqilai,tuanjiedailingrenminjinxingweidadouzheng、jiansheweidagongcheng、tuijinweidashiye、shixianweidamengxiang,tuidongdangheguojiashiyequdequanfangwei、kaichuangxinglishichengjiu,fashengshencengci、genbenxinglishibiange,zhonghuaminzuyinglailecongfuqilaidaoqiangqilaideweidafeiyue。zheiyiweidafeiyueyitieyibandeshishizhengming,zhiyoujianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyicainengshixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing!

  shijianzhengming,makesizhuyidemingyunzaoyitongzhongguogongchandangdemingyun、zhongguorenmindemingyun、zhonghuaminzudemingyunjinjinlianzaiyiqi,tadekexuexinghezhenlixingzaizhongguodedaolechongfenjianyan,taderenminxingheshijianxingzaizhongguodedaolechongfenguanche,tadekaifangxingheshidaixingzaizhongguodedaolechongfenzhangxian!

  shijianhaizhengming,makesizhuyiweizhongguogeming、jianshe、gaigetigongleqiangdasixiangwuqi,shizhongguozheigegulaodedongfangdaguochuangzaolerenleilishishangqiansuoweiyoudefazhanqiji。lishiherenminxuanzemakesizhuyishiwanquanzhengquede,zhongguogongchandangbamakesizhuyixiezaizijideqizhishangshiwanquanzhengquede,jianchimakesizhuyijibenyuanlitongzhongguojutishijixiangjiehe、buduantuijinmakesizhuyizhongguohuashidaihuashiwanquanzhengquede!

  keyigaoweimakesideshi,makesizhuyizhiyinzhongguochenggongzoushanglequanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguodekangzhuangdadao,zhongguogongchandangrenzuoweimakesizhuyidezhongchengxinfengzhe、jiandingshijianzhe,zhengzaiweijianchihefazhanmakesizhuyierzhizhenuli!

  tongzhimen!

  engesishuoguo:“yigeminzuyaoxiangzhanzaikexuedezuigaofeng,jiuyikeyebunengmeiyoulilunsiwei。”zhonghuaminzuyaoshixianweidafuxing,yetongyangyikebunengmeiyoulilunsiwei。makesizhuyishizhongshiwomendangheguojiadezhidaosixiang,shiwomenrenshishijie、bawoguilv、zhuiqiuzhenli、gaizaoshijiedeqiangdasixiangwuqi。

  makesizhuyisixianglilunbodajingshen、changxuechangxin。xinshidai,zhongguogongchandangrenrengranyaoxueximakesi,xuexiheshijianmakesizhuyi,buduancongzhongjiqukexuezhihuihelilunliliang,zaitongchoutuijin“wuweiyiti”zongtibuju、xiediaotuijin“sigequanmian”zhanlvebujuzhong,gengyoudingli、gengyouzixin、gengyouzhihuidijianchihefazhanxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,quebaozhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdejulunshizhongyanzhezhengquehangxiangpolangqianxing。

  ——xueximakesi,jiuyaoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyiguanyurenleishehuifazhanguilvdesixiang。makesikexuejieshilerenleishehuizuizhongzouxianggongchanzhuyidebiranqushi。makesi、engesijianxin,weilaishehui“jiangshizheiyangyigelianheti,zaineili,meigerendeziyoufazhanshiyiqierendeziyoufazhandetiaojian”,“wuchanzhezaizheigegemingzhongshiqudezhishisuolian。tamenhuodedejiangshizhenggeshijie。”makesijianxinlishichaoliubentengxiangqian,zhiyaorenminchengweizijidezhuren、shehuidezhuren、renleishehuifazhandezhuren,gongchanzhuyilixiangjiuyidingnenggouzaibuduangaibianxiancunzhuangkuangdexianshiyundongzhongyibuyibushixian。makesizhuyidiandinglegongchandangrenjiandinglixiangxinniandelilunjichu。womenyaoquanmianzhangwobianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyideshijieguanhefangfalun,shenkerenshishixiangongchanzhuyishiyouyigeyigejieduanxingmubiaozhubudachengdelishiguocheng,bagongchanzhuyiyuandalixiangtongzhongguoteseshehuizhuyigongtonglixiangtongyiqilai、tongwomenzhengzaizuodeshiqingtongyiqilai,jiandingzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixin、wenhuazixin,jianshougongchandangrendelixiangxinnian,xiangmakesineiyang,weigongchanzhuyifendouzhongshen。

  ——xueximakesi,jiuyaoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyiguanyujianshourenminlichangdesixiang。renminxingshimakesizhuyizuixianmingdepinge。makesishuo,“lishihuodongshiqunzhongdehuodong”。rangrenminhuodejiefangshimakesibishengdezhuiqiu。womenyaoshizhongbarenminlichangzuoweigenbenlichang,baweirenminmouxingfuzuoweigenbenshiming,jianchiquanxinquanyiweirenminfuwudegenbenzongzhi,guanchequnzhongluxian,zunzhongrenminzhutidiweiheshouchuangjingshen,shizhongbaochitongrenminqunzhongdexueroulianxi,ningjuqizhongzhichengchengdebangboliliang,tuanjiedailingrenmingongtongchuangzaolishiweiye。zheishizunzhonglishiguilvdebiranxuanze,shigongchandangrenbuwangchuxin、laojishimingdezijuedandang。

  ——xueximakesi,jiuyaoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyiguanyushengchanliheshengchanguanxidesixiang。makesizhuyirenwei,wuzhishengchanlishiquanbushehuishenghuodewuzhiqianti,tongshengchanlifazhanyidingjieduanxiangshiyingdeshengchanguanxidezonghegouchengshehuijingjijichu。shengchanlishituidongshehuijinbuzuihuoyue、zuigemingdeyaosu。“renmensuodadaodeshengchanlidezonghejuedingzheshehuizhuangkuang。”shengchanliheshengchanguanxi、jingjijichuheshangcengjianzhuxianghuzuoyong、xianghuzhiyue,zhipeizhezhenggeshehuifazhanjincheng。jiefanghefazhanshehuishengchanlishishehuizhuyidebenzhiyaoqiu,shizhongguogongchandangrenjielitansuo、zhelijiejuedezhongdawenti。xinzhongguochengliyilaitebieshigaigekaifangyilai,zaibudao70niandeshijiannei,womendangdailingrenminjiandingbuyijiefanghefazhanshehuishengchanli,zouwanlexifangjibainiandefazhanlicheng,tuidongwoguokuaisuchengweishijiedierdajingjiti。womenyaoyongyuquanmianshenhuagaige,zijuetongguodiaozhengshengchanguanxijifashehuishengchanlifazhanhuoli,zijuetongguowanshanshangcengjianzhushiyingjingjijichufazhanyaoqiu,rangzhongguoteseshehuizhuyigengjiafuheguilvdixiangqianfazhan。

  ——xueximakesi,jiuyaoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyiguanyurenminminzhudesixiang。makesi、engesizhichu,“wuchanjiejideyundongshijuedaduoshurende,weijuedaduoshurenmouliyidedulideyundong”,“gongrenjiejiyidanqudetongzhiquan,jiubunengjixuyunyongjiudeguojiajiqilaijinxingguanli”,bixu“yixindezhenzhengminzhudeguojiazhengquanlaidaiti”。guojiajiguanbixuyoushehuizhurenbianweishehuigongpu,jieshourenminjiandu。womenyaojiandingbuyizouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhengzhifazhandaolu,zaijianchidangdelingdao、renmindangjiazuozhu、yifazhiguoyoujitongyizhongtuijinshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhijianshe,buduanjiaqiangrenmindangjiazuozhudezhidubaozhang,jiakuaituijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,chongfendiaodongrenmindejijixing、zhudongxing、chuangzaoxing,gengjiaqieshi、gengyouchengxiaodishishirenminminzhu。

  ——xueximakesi,jiuyaoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyiguanyuwenhuajianshedesixiang。makesirenwei,zaibutongdejingjiheshehuihuanjingzhong,renmenshengchanbutongdesixianghewenhua,sixiangwenhuajianshesuiranjuedingyujingjijichu,danyouduijingjijichufashengfanzuoyong。xianjindesixiangwenhuayidanbeiqunzhongzhangwo,jiuhuizhuanhuaweiqiangdadewuzhililiang;fanzhi,luohoude、cuowudeguannianruguobupochu,jiuhuichengweishehuifazhanjinbudezhigu。lilunzijue、wenhuazixin,shiyigeminzujinbudeliliang;jiazhixianjin、sixiangjiefang,shiyigeshehuihuolidelaiyuan。guojiazhihun,wenyihuazhi,wenyizhuzhi。womenyaolizuzhongguo,mianxiangxiandaihua、mianxiangshijie、mianxiangweilai,gonggumakesizhuyizaiyishixingtailingyudezhidaodiwei,fazhanshehuizhuyixianjinwenhua,jiaqiangshehuizhuyijingshenwenmingjianshe,bashehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanrongrushehuifazhangefangmian,tuidongzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuachuangzaoxingzhuanhua、chuangxinxingfazhan,buduantigaorenminsixiangjuewu、daodeshuiping、wenmingsuyang,buduanzhujiuzhonghuawenhuaxinhuihuang。

  ——xueximakesi,jiuyaoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyiguanyushehuijianshedesixiang。makesi、engesishexiang,zaiweilaishehuizhong,“shengchanjiangyisuoyouderenfuyuweimude”,“suoyourengongtongxiangshoudajiachuangzaochulaidefuli”。engesijiehemakesizai《gongchandangxuanyan》、《gedaganglingpipan》、《zibenlun》dengzhuzuozhongtichudeyixiliezhuzhang,chanmingzaishehuizhuyitiaojianxia,shehuiyinggai“jisuoyouderentigongjiankangeryouyidegongzuo,jisuoyouderentigongchongyudewuzhishenghuohexianxiashijian,jisuoyouderentigongzhenzhengdechongfendeziyou”。renminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwangjiushiwomendefendoumubiao。womenyaojianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,zhuazhurenminzuiguanxinzuizhijiezuixianshideliyiwenti,buduanbaozhanghegaishanminsheng,cujinshehuigongpingzhengyi,zaigenggaoshuipingshangshixianyouyousuoyu、xueyousuojiao、laoyousuode、bingyousuoyi、laoyousuoyang、zhuyousuoju、ruoyousuofu,rangfazhanchengguogengduogenggongpinghuijiquantirenmin,buduancujinrendequanmianfazhan,chaozheshixianquantirenmingongtongfuyubuduanmaijin。

  ——xueximakesi,jiuyaoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyiguanyurenyuziranguanxidesixiang。makesirenwei,“renkaoziranjieshenghuo”,ziranbujinjirenleitigongleshenghuoziliaolaiyuan,rufeiwodetudi、yuchanfengfudejianghehuhaideng,erqiejirenleitigongleshengchanziliaolaiyuan。ziranwugouchengrenleishengcundezirantiaojian,renleizaitongzirandehudongzhongshengchan、shenghuo、fazhan,renleishandaiziran,ziranyehuikuizengrenlei,dan“ruguoshuorenkaokexuehechuangzaoxingtiancaizhengfuleziranli,neimeziranliyeduirenjinxingbaofu”。ziranshishengmingzhimu,renyuziranshishengminggongtongti,renleibixujingweiziran、zunzhongziran、shunyingziran、baohuziran。womenyaojianchirenyuziranhexiegongsheng,laogushuliheqieshijianxinglvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshandelinian,dongyuanquanshehuililiangtuijinshengtaiwenmingjianshe,gongjianmeilizhongguo,rangrenminqunzhongzailvshuiqingshanzhonggongxiangziranzhimei、shengmingzhimei、shenghuozhimei,zouchuyitiaoshengchanfazhan、shenghuofuyu、shengtailianghaodewenmingfazhandaolu。

  ——xueximakesi,jiuyaoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyiguanyushijielishidesixiang。makesi、engesishuo:“geminzudeyuanshifengbizhuangtaiyouyuriyiwanshandeshengchanfangshi、jiaowangyijiyinjiaowangerziranxingchengdebutongminzuzhijiandefengongxiaomiedeyueshichedi,lishiyejiuyueshichengweishijielishi。”makesi、engesidangniandezheigeyuyan,xianzaiyijingchengweixianshi,lishihexianshiriyizhengmingzheigeyuyandekexuejiazhi。jintian,renleijiaowangdeshijiexingbiguoqurenheshihoudougengshenru、gengguangfan,geguoxianghulianxihebiciyicunbiguoqurenheshihoudougengpinfan、gengjinmi。yitihuadeshijiejiuzaineier,sheijujuezheigeshijie,zheigeshijieyehuijujueta。wanwubingyuerbuxianghai,daobingxingerbuxiangbei。womenyaozhanzaishijielishidegaodushenshidangjinshijiefazhanqushihemianlindezhongdawenti,jianchihepingfazhandaolu,jianchidulizizhudehepingwaijiaozhengce,jianchihuligongyingdekaifangzhanlve,buduantuozhantongshijiegeguodehezuo,jijicanyuquanqiuzhili,zaigengduolingyu、genggaocengmianshangshixianhezuogongying、gongtongfazhan,buyifubieren、gengbulveduobieren,tonggeguorenminyidaonuligoujianrenleimingyungongtongti,bashijiejianshedegengjiameihao。

  ——xueximakesi,jiuyaoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyiguanyumakesizhuyizhengdangjianshedesixiang。makesirenwei,“zaiwuchanjiejihezichanjiejidedouzhengsuojinglidegegefazhanjieduanshang,gongchandangrenshizhongdaibiaozhenggeyundongdeliyi”,“tamenmeiyourenhetongzhenggewuchanjiejideliyibutongdeliyi”,ershiyao“weijuedaduoshurenmouliyi”,weijianshegongchanzhuyishehuierfendou。gongchandangyao“zaiquanshijiemianqianshuliqikegongrenmenyonglaihengliangdangdeyundongshuipingdelichengbei”。shizhongtongrenminzaiyiqi,weirenminliyierfendou,shimakesizhuyizhengdangtongqitazhengdangdegenbenqubie。womenyaotonglanweidadouzheng、weidagongcheng、weidashiye、weidamengxiang,zengqiangzhengzhiyishi、dajuyishi、hexinyishi、kanqiyishi,chizhiyihengtuijinquanmiancongyanzhidang,jianchibadangdezhengzhijianshebaizaishouwei,jianchihejiaqiangdangdequanmianlingdao,jianjueweihudangzhongyangquanweihejizhongtongyilingdao,zuodaojianchizhenli、xiuzhengcuowu,yongyuanbaochigongchandangrenzhengzhibense,badangjianshechengweishizhongzouzaishidaiqianlie、renminzhongxinyonghu、yongyuziwogeming、jingdeqigezhongfenglangkaoyan、chaoqipengbodemakesizhuyizhizhengdang!

  tongzhimen!

  zhongguogongchandangshiyongmakesizhuyiwuzhuangqilaidezhengdang,makesizhuyishizhongguogongchandangrenlixiangxinniandelinghun。1938nian,maozedongtongzhizhichu:“ruguowomendangyouyibaigezhierbaigexitongdierbushilingsuidi、shijidierbushikongdongdixuehuilemakesilieningzhuyidetongzhi,jiuhuidadaditigaowomendangdezhandouliliang。”

  huigudangdefendoulichengkeyifaxian,zhongguogongchandangzhisuoyinenggoulijingjiannankunkuerbuduanfazhanzhuangda,henzhongyaodeyigeyuanyinjiushiwomendangshizhongzhongshisixiangjiandang、lilunqiangdang,shiquandangshizhongbaochitongyidesixiang、jiandingdeyizhi、xiediaodexingdong、qiangdadezhandouli。

  dangqian,gaigefazhanwendingrenwuzhizhong、maodunfengxiantiaozhanzhiduo、zhiguolizhengkaoyanzhidadoushiqiansuoweiyoude。womenyaoyingdeyoushi、yingdezhudong、yingdeweilai,bixubuduantigaoyunyongmakesizhuyifenxihejiejueshijiwentidenengli,buduantigaoyunyongkexuelilunzhidaowomenyingduizhongdatiaozhan、diyuzhongdafengxian、kefuzhongdazuli、huajiezhongdamaodun、jiejuezhongdawentidenengli,yigengkuanguangdeshiye、gengzhangyuandeyanguanglaisikaobawoweilaifazhanmianlindeyixiliezhongdawenti,buduanjiandingmakesizhuyixinyanghegongchanzhuyilixiang。

  cong《gongchandangxuanyan》fabiaodaojintian,170nianguoqule,renleishehuifashenglefantianfudidebianhua,danmakesizhuyisuochanshudeyibanyuanlizhenggelaishuorengranshiwanquanzhengquede。womenyaojianchiheyunyongbianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyideshijieguanhefangfalun,jianchiheyunyongmakesizhuyilichang、guandian、fangfa,jianchiheyunyongmakesizhuyiguanyushijiedewuzhixingjiqifazhanguilv,guanyurenleishehuifazhandeziranxing、lishixingjiqixiangguanguilv,guanyurendejiefangheziyouquanmianfazhandeguilv,guanyurenshidebenzhijiqifazhanguilvdengyuanli,jianchiheyunyongmakesizhuyideshijianguan、qunzhongguan、jiejiguan、fazhanguan、maodunguan,zhenzhengbamakesizhuyizheigekanjiabenlingxuejingwutouyonghao。

  quandangtongzhitebieshigejilingdaoganbuyaogengjiazijue、gengjiakekudixueximakesilieningzhuyi,xueximaozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguan,xuexixinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang。yaoshenruxue、chijiuxue、kekuxue,daizhewentixue、lianxishijixue,genghaobakexuesixianglilunzhuanhuaweirenshishijie、gaizaoshijiedeqiangdawuzhililiang。gongchandangrenyaobadumakesizhuyijingdian、wumakesizhuyiyuanlidangzuoyizhongshenghuoxiguan、dangzuoyizhongjingshenzhuiqiu,yongjingdianhanyangzhengqi、cuiliansixiang、shenghuajingjie、zhidaoshijian。

  duidaikexuedelilunbixuyoukexuedetaidu。engesishenkezhichu:“makesidezhenggeshijieguanbushijiaoyi,ershifangfa。tatigongdebushixianchengdejiaotiao,ershijinyibuyanjiudechufadianhegongzheizhongyanjiushiyongdefangfa。”engesihaizhichu,womendelilun“shiyizhonglishidechanwu,tazaibutongdeshidaijuyouwanquanbutongdexingshi,tongshijuyouwanquanbutongdeneirong”。kexueshehuizhuyijibenyuanzebunengdiu,diulejiubushishehuizhuyi。tongshi,kexueshehuizhuyiyejuebushiyichengbubiandejiaotiao。woshuoguo,dangdaizhongguodeweidashehuibiange,bushijiandanyanxuwoguolishiwenhuademuban,bushijiandantaoyongmakesizhuyijingdianzuojiashexiangdemoban,bushiqitaguojiashehuizhuyishijiandezaiban,yebushiguowaixiandaihuafazhandefanban。shehuizhuyibingmeiyoudingyuyizun、yichengbubiandetaolu,zhiyoubakexueshehuizhuyijibenyuanzetongbenguojutishiji、lishiwenhuachuantong、shidaiyaoqiujinmijieheqilai,zaishijianzhongbuduantansuozongjie,cainengbalantubianweimeihaoxianshi。

  lilundeshengminglizaiyubuduanchuangxin,tuidongmakesizhuyibuduanfazhanshizhongguogongchandangrendeshenshengzhize。womenyaojianchiyongmakesizhuyiguanchashidai、jiedushidai、yinlingshidai,yongxianhuofengfudedangdaizhongguoshijianlaituidongmakesizhuyifazhan,yongkuanguangshiyexishourenleichuangzaodeyiqieyouxiuwenmingchengguo,jianchizaigaigezhongshouzhengchuxin、buduanchaoyueziji,zaikaifangzhongbocaizhongzhang、buduanwanshanziji,buduanshenhuaduigongchandangzhizhengguilv、shehuizhuyijiansheguilv、renleishehuifazhanguilvderenshi,buduankaipidangdaizhongguomakesizhuyi、21shijimakesizhuyixinjingjie!

  tongzhimen!

  jintian,womenjinianmakesi,shiweilexiangrenleilishishangzuiweidadesixiangjiazhijing,yeshiweilexuanshiwomenduimakesizhuyikexuezhenlidejiandingxinnian。

  engesishuo:“zhiyaojinyibufahuiwomendeweiwuzhuyilundian,bingqiebatayingyongyuxianshidai,yigeqiangdade、yiqieshidaizhongzuiqiangdadegemingyuanjingjiuhuilijizhanxianzaiwomenmianqian。”qianjindaolushang,womenyaojixugaoyangmakesizhuyiweidaqizhi,rangmakesi、engesishexiangderenleishehuimeihaoqianjingbuduanzaizhongguodadishangshengdongzhanxianchulai!

(laiyuanyuxinhuawang)