yabo手机版

科研失信行为处理的程序法治规则
发布时间: 2020-07-13 浏览次数: 10


  zuozhe:xujinglaiyuan:《gaoxiaojiaoyuguanli》2020niandi3qi


  zhaiyao:keyanshixinxingweishizaikexueyanjiujiqixiangguanhuodongzhongfashengdeweifankeyanxingweiguifanhuozhunzedexingwei。keyanrenyuanbixuzaiyanjiugongzuozhongkeshoukeyanguifan、weihukeyanchengxin,zheishisuoyoukeyanrenyuanbixulvxingdejibenfalvyiwu。yidankeyanrenyuanchuxiankeyanshixinxingwei,zexiangguandangshirenbixubeiyifazhuijiuzeren。keyanshixinxingweichuliguizejibaokuoshitiguize,yebaokuochengxuguize,danchengxuguizegouchengkeyanshixinxingweichulidehexin。suiranwoguomuqianyichutaidaliangyouguankeyanchengxinjianshehekeyanshixinxingweichulidefalv、fagui、guizhangheguifanxingwenjian,danshizheixieguizeyouyuzhidingzhutideduoyuanercunzai“tongyiwenti、butongchuli”xianxiang,shijianzhongpoyuyulunjianduyalierchuxiande“zhongxiaolv、qingchengxu”qingxingyebingfeixianjian。keyanshixinxingweichulibixujiaqiangchengxujizhijianshe,zuodaodiaochayuchulixiangfenli,youhuaxinxigongkaiyubaomizhidu,jianlizhongdashixiangtingzhengzhidu,bingtongguoxingzhengfuyiyuxingzhengsusongdewanshanweihuxiangguandangshirendehefaquanyi。


  guanjianci:keyanchengxin;keyanshixin;xueshubuduan;shixinxingweichuli;chengxufazhi 


yabo手机版  zuozhejianjie:xujing,fujiaoshou、bodao,jiaoyubuzhengcefaguisiyuzhongnandaxuegongjianjiaoyulifayanjiujidizhixingzhuren,congshixianfaxue、xingzhengfaxue、jiaoyufaxueyanjiu。

 


  kexueyanjiuzuoweirenleitansuozhishi、zengjinzhishibingliyongzhishijinxingxinjishufamingdexitongchuangzaoxinggongzuo,qijibenxingweizhunzejiweichengxin。duiyukeyangongzuozheeryan,chengxinjishidaodeyaoqiu,yeshifalvyueshu。zaiwoguo,zi20shiji90niandaiyilailifajiguanjijiaoyuxingzhengguanlibumen、kejiguanlibumendengzhidingbingbanbuleyixilieyouguankeyanchengxindefalv、fagui、guizhangjiguifanxingwenjian,keyishuo,keyanchengxinjiansheyichengweibaozhangkejishiyejiankangfazhan、cujinchuangxinxingguojiajianshedezhongyaozhiduxingbaozhang。danbukefourendeshi,jibianyouxiangyingguizeyueshu,weibeikeyanchengxinyaoqiudekeyanshixinxingweiyirandaliangcunzai,tebieshijinnianlaiweimeitisuopuguangdeshipulinge·ziranchubanjituanjizhongchehui107pianzhongguoyixuexuezhelunwen、qingnianzhangjiangxuezheliangmoubeizhixueshuzaojia、yanyuanzhaimouyinlunwenchaoxierbeichexiaoboshixueweidengshijiangengshidekeyanchengxinchengweigongzhongguanzhudejiaodian。2019nian9yue25ri,kejibu、zhongyangxuanchuanbu、zuigaorenminfayuandeng20jiadanweilianhefabu《keyanchengxinanjiandiaochachuliguize(shixing)》〔yixiajiancheng《guize(shixing)》〕,zheishiwoguoshougezhuanmenguifankeyanshixinxingweidiaochayuchulideguifanxingfalvwenjian,duijinyibushulikeyanchengxinguannian、tuidongkeyanchengxinjianshejuyouzhongyaoyiyi。gaiguizedebanxingyeshidekeyanshixinxingweichulizaicichengweililunjieyushiwujietaolunderedian。wenzhangzhizaicongzhengdangfalvchengxudeshijiaotantaokeyanshixinxingweichulidechengxuguize,yiqiduishijianzhongxiangyinganjianchuliyuzhidugailiangyousuobiyi。


yabo手机版  yi、keyanshixinyuchengxufazhi


  keyanshixinshiyukeyanchengxinxiangduiyingdegainian。《zhonghuarenmingongheguokexuejishujinbufa》di55tiaoduikeyanrenyuantichukeshouzhiyedaode、zunshouxueshuguifan、budezaikeyanhuodongzhongnongxuzuojiadejibenyaoqiu。keyanchengxinjibaokuoneizaidezhuguandaodepinzhihejingshencaoshou,youbaokuowaizaidekeguanxingweiguifanheshehuipingjia。“kexuejiatongqitarenmeiyoushenmeliangyang。dangtamenzaishiyanshimenkouchuanshangbaidaguashi,tamenbingmeiyoubaituoqitaxingyederenmensuojuyoudeganqing、shewangheruodian”,yezhengshizheizhongyushengjulaiderenxingquexianshidewomenxuyaoyongzhiduguizequyueshubingzhiliweifankeyanchengxinyaoqiudekeyanshixinxingwei。shishishang,chengxinbenshenjiweijiangdaodeguizeyunyongyushizaifadeshouduanzhiyi。zaizheizhongshizaifadeshouduanzhong,chengxuzhiyukeyanshixinxingweichulieryanjuyoudutejiazhi。


yabo手机版  (yi)keyanshixin:faguifanjiedu


  《guize(shixing)》di2tiaodi2kuanjiangkeyanshixinxingweidingyiweizaikexueyanjiujiqixiangguanhuodongzhongfashengdeweifankeyanxingweiguifanhuozhunzedexingwei,zheishiguojiakeyanchengxinguanlixiangguanfalvwenjianduikeyanshixinxingweigainiandeshoucimingquejieding。keyanshixinyukeyanbuduan、xueshubuduan、xueshushifan、xueshufubaidengshuyudeneihanyuwaiyanshifoudengtong,yijiruhecongfalvguifanjiaodulijiekeyanshixin,shikexueyouxiao、hefaheguichulikeyanshixinxingweidejibenqianti。


yabo手机版  1.keyanshixinyuxiangguangainiandelianxiyuqubie。keyanshixin、keyanbuduan、xueshubuduan、xueshushifan、xueshufubaishishijianzhongjiaoyihunyongdejizushuyu,qizhong,keyanshixin、keyanbuduan、xueshubuduanshifalvgainian,xueshushifanyuxueshufubaishixueligainian。


  zaiguojiakeyanchengxinguanlixiangguanfalv、fagui、guizhangheguifanxingwenjianzhong,《guojiakejijihuashishizhongkeyanbuduanxingweichulibanfa(shixing)》(bumenguizhang)di3tiaojiangkeyanbuduanjiedingwei“weifankexuegongtongtigongrendekeyanxingweizhunzedexingwei”,qizhuyaobaokuogerenxueshuxinxizaojia、piaoqiekeyanchengguo、weizaoshiyanshuju、rentiyanjiuzhongqinfanyinsiquanhuozhiqingtongyiquan、weifanshiyandongwubaohuguifandeng。《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》(bumenguizhang)di27tiaojiangxueshubuduandejibenleixingguidingweichaoxi、piaoqiehuocuangaitarenxueshuchengguo,weizaoshujuhuowenxianziliao,budangshuming,tigongxujiaxueshuxinxi,maimaihuodaixielunwendeng。er《guize(shixing)》(guifanxingwenjian)di2tiaodi2kuanzeguidingkeyanshixinxingweibaokuochaoxi、piaoqiehuoqinzhantarenkeyanchengguo,weizaokeyanshuju,maimai、daixielunwenhuoxiangmushenqingshu,xugouzhuanjiayijian,yibuzhengdangshouduanhuodekeyanxiangmuhuoqitakeyanjiangli、rongyu、zhiwuzhicheng,weifankeyanlunliguifan,weifanshumingguizehuolunwenxiezuoguifandeng。


  zaikeyanchengxinxiangguanxueshulilunyanjiuzhong,xueshushifanzhuyaozhizaijishucengmianweifanxueshuguifanhuoyouyuquefabiyaodezhishierweibeixueshuxingweizhunze,ruxueshulunwenquefabibeidegouchengyaojian、yinzhubuguifan、weizhu、feieyideyigaoduotou、duitarendeguandianduanzhangquyideng。xueshufubaizezhikeyanrenyuanhuokeyanguanlizhepingjiezijishouzhongsuozhangwodequanliyuziyuanweizijihuotarenmouqujinqianhuoqitabuzhengdangdexueshuliyi,ruzaixiangmushenqing、keyanpingjiang、xueweishouyu、lunwenfabiao、jishuzhichengjinshengdenghuodongzhongyiquanmousideng。


yabo手机版  tongguoyishangduikeyanbuduan、xueshubuduan、xueshushifan、xueshufubaiyukeyanshixindeneihanhuowaiyandemiaoshu,womenbunankanchutamenzhijiandelianxiyuqubie。qiyi,xueshushifan、xueshufubaimingxianbutongyukeyanbuduan、xueshubuduan;xueshushifanchanshengdeyuanyinzhuyaoshiyouzhishijishuquexianhuoduixueshuguifanbawodebuyanjin,qizhuguanshangyibanbujuyouguyiyinsu,erkeyanbuduan、xueshubuduan、xueshufubaizaizhuguanshangjunxiguyisuowei;xueshufubaiyuquanli“xunzu”xiangguan,erxueshushifan、keyanbuduan、xueshubuduanzeyibanbubaohanquanliyinsu。qier,keyanbuduan、xueshubuduanyukeyanshixinzaiwaiyanshangjuyoujiaoqiangdezhongdiexing,qiecong《guize(shixing)》di2tiaodi2kuanduikeyanshixindegainianjiedingkan,keyanshixindewaiyanmingxiandayukeyanbuduan、xueshubuduan、xueshushifanyuxueshufubai,genjugaiguidinghousizhejunshuyukeyanshixinfanchou,qie“weifankeyanlunliguifan”yebeinaruqizhong。zheiyejiuyiweizhekeyanshixinxingweidezhiliguizebujinbaokuofalvtiaokuan,haibaokuoshehuidaodeguifan。zheishizhishangxingchenglemuqiankeyanguanlizhongyouguankeyanshixinxingweidezuiguangyijieding,youliyuquanmianyueshuhezhilikexueyanjiulingyuweifanlunlidaodeyijifalvguize、xingyeguizedeshixinxingwei。


  2.keyanshixinxingweidefalvbiaozheng。jinguan《guize(shixing)》zaifalvxingzhishangshuyu“guizhangyixia”deguifanxingwenjian,danqisifashiyongxingbukeyinqifalvweijieerbeifouding。genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxingzhengsusongfa》(yixiajiancheng《xingzhengsusongfa》)di64tiaodeguiding,jingfayuanfudaixingshenchahefadeguifanxingwenjiankezuoweirendingxiangyingxingzhengxingweihefadeyiju。zheiyiweizhe《guize(shixing)》zhongyouguankeyanshixinxingweidezhongleiliejuzaixiangguanxingweipanduan、xueshujiufenjiejueyijisifashenpanzhongkezishiyong,qiecizhongliejuzaiguanlishijianzhongyiduikeyangongzuozhedequanliyiwuchanshengzhongdayingxiang。jutieryan,keyanshixinxingweijuyouruxiafalvbiaozheng。


  qiyi,keyangongzuozhebixuyangezunshou《guize(shixing)》yijiqitafalv、fagui、guizhang、guifanxingwenjianzhongyouguankeyanshixinxingweideguiding,lvxingkeyanchengxinyiwu。congwenbenzimianbiaodakan,zheixieguidinghuoweijinzhikeyangongzuozhechanshengmouzhongweifanxueshudaode、xueshulunli、xueshuguifandexingwei,huoweichangdaokeyangongzuozhejiaqiangxueshudaodejianshe、duanzhengxueshufengqi。cileijinzhixinghechangdaoxingguidingjungouchengkeyangongzuozhedefalvyiwu,yaoqiukeyangongzuozhetongguo“weiyidingxingwei”huo“buweiyidingxingwei”defangshilvxingxiangguanyiwu,yiweihukexueyanjiuzhongdejibengongpingyuzhengyi。


  qier,keyangongzuozheruguoweifan《guize(shixing)》di28tiaoyijiqitafalv、fagui、guizhang、guifanxingwenjianzhongyouguankeyanshixinxingweideguiding,zebixuchengdanxiangyingdefalvzeren。zheizhongfalvzerenzhuyaobiaoxianweibeigongkaitongbaopiping,zhongzhihuozantingguojiacaizhengzizhuxiangmu,chexiaoliyongkeyanshixinxingweihuodedexueshujiangli、rongyuchenghaohuozhiwuzhicheng,quxiaoshenbaokeyanxiangmudezige,quxiaogaocengcizhuanjiachenghaohuoxueshutuantiweiyuanhuochengyuanzige,jianshaoshenzhitingzhizhaoshouyanjiusheng,xianzhihuodexueweihuochexiaoxueweideng;ruoshexianfanzui,xiangguanrenyuanhaiyingbeiyijiaosifajiguanbingzhuijiuxingshifalvzeren。dangran,xueshuxingxingyexiehuihuoshetuantuantiruguoduichengyuandanweijiqikeyangongzuozhetichulegaoyufalv、fagui、guizhangjiguifanxingwenjiandeyiwuxingyaoqiu,zekeyijuxiehuihuoshetuanzhangchengyuyineibuchengjie,gaichengjieruoweiqinfankeyangongzuozhedejibenquanli、weiyushangweifaxiangdichujijuyoufalvshangdezhengdangxing。


  (er)chengxufazhi:keyanshixinxingweichulidehexin


  keyanshixinxingweichulishiyigezonghetixi,hangaichulijigouyuzuzhidezhizefengong,jubaoheshouli,diaocha、chuliyuchengfa,shensuyufucha,baozhangyujiandudengneirong。zheixieneirongjishejishitiguifan,yeshejichengxuguize,danjianyukeyanshixinxingweipanduanyuchuliguochengbenshendeteshuxing,chengxuguizegouchenggaichulijizhidehexin。yinweichengxuguizeyibanjinkaolvshishiyaojian,erbujinxingzhuguanjiazhipanduan,“chengxudezhankaiguochengtongshiyeshidangshirendeyanxingkenengxingsuojiandeguocheng”,yezhengshichengxudekeguan、zhonglitezhengshideqiduikexue、gongzhengdichulikeyanshixinxingweiyouweizhongyao。


yabo手机版  1.weihukeyanzhixushichengxuguizeshejidezongzhi。fazaibenzhishangjiwei“rendexingweideyizhongzhixu”。kexueyanjiuzuoweiyizhongtanjiurenleiwenming、jieshiziranhuoshehuiaomidexingweifangshi,tianrandijuyoukeguanxingtezheng,qiezheizhongkeguanxingshibuyirendeyizhiweizhuanyide,xuyaotongguoguifandexingshijinkenengpaichububiyaodezhuguanjieru。zheixieguifan“jiezhuyuzhiduxingjiazhiguanerbeihefahua”,bingbeizunshouyushixingjinerxingchengkexueyanjiuzhongduyoudezhixu。keyanshixinxingweibeilikexueyanjiubixuyangezunshoudekeguanguize,duikeyanzhixugouchengleyanzhongpohuai。yinci,zaishejikeyanshixinxingweichulichengxuguizeshideshouyaozongzhijiweihukeyanzhixu。chengxuguizezhongzaibuzhouheshunxu,zhizaitongguoshixian、shuomingliyou、zhizheng、lunbian、songdadengguizeshejizaizuidachengdushangxianzhichulijiguande“ziyouxinzheng”,zheiyejiuzaigenyuanshangyukexueyanjiudekeguanshuxingxiangwenhe。yucitongshi,zaikeyanshixinxingweichulizhong,panduanmouyixingweishifougouchengkeyanshixinshuyushishifanchou;duigaizhuanyewentidechuligengyingpaichizhuguanyiduan,yanglaikeguanhuadechengxuguizeyiquebaoshishipanduanxingweidegongzhengxing。


  2.baozhangkeyanshixinanjiandangshirendehefaquanyishichengxuguizeshejidejichu。“renheyizhongliyihuoshitixingquanlidoubixutongguochengxuershixianhuohuodebaozhang。”keyanshixinanjiandangshirendehefaquanyibaozhangshikeyanshixindiaochayuchulizhidudehexin,zaiyidingcengmianshangshenzhikeyishuo,suoyouchengxuxingtiaokuanjunxuweiraodangshirendehefaquanyibaozhangerzhankai,chengxuyiranchengweifazhiyurenzhidezuijibenfenjiexian。《kejigongzuozhekexuedaodeguifan(shixing)》di27tiaoyiji《guize(shixing)》di45tiaojunmingqueguiding,xueshubuduanhuokeyanshixinxingweidediaochaxuzunzhonghebaohudangshirendezhengdang、hefaquanyi。dangshirenyuchulijiguanyichengxuguizeweiyituo,tongguopingdengjiaoshenenggouduishixinxingweichulidachenglixinggongshi。yucitongshi,chengxudekeguanguizexingyenenggoushidangshirenchansheng“zhixuxinlai”,dangshirenyouliyouxiangxinyangezunshouchengxunenggouyouxiaoyizhianjianchulizhongdequanlifubai,zheiqiaqiashihexie、youxiaojiejuejiufendejichu。


  3.yuwaiguojiahuodiquwubuzhongshikeyanshixinxingweichulidechengxuguizesheji。cong20shiji80niandaikaishi,suizhekeyanshixinxingweibuduanbeipilubingdailaikeyanchengxinweiji,yuwaiqitaguojiahuodiqufenfenzhenduikeyanshixinzhankaiyanjiubingzhidingxiangguanxingweidechengxuchuliguize。zaimeiguo,1989nianmeiguodaxuexiehuibianzhu《chuliyanjiuqizhaxingweidejigouzhengcehechulichengxudekuangjia》,1990nianmeiguoyixueyuanxiehuizhiding《keyanbuduanxingweichuliliuchengguifan》,2000nianmeiguokeyanchengxinbangongshibanbu《lianbangchulixueshubuduanxingweidezhengce》bingguidingchulixueshubuduanxingweidejibenfalvchengxu。zaiyingguo,2005nianyingguojingjiheshehuikexueyanjiuweiyuanhuijiang《yanjiudaodekuangjia》zuoweiquanguoxingshehuikexueyanjiuxingweizhinan,niujindaxue、jianqiaodaxuedengzujianledaxuelianmeng,zaixueshengshoucezhongmingqueguidingxueshubuduandeleixingjiqichuliliucheng。“weifanxueshuchengxin,jiushihuimiexueshushengyu,meigecanyuxueshuhuodongderen,wulunshigaojihuochujichengyuan,douyouweihuxueshudaodehexueshuchengxindeshehuizeren。ruguoyourenweibeile,tashibudaodede,chengjiechengxujiuhuilijiqidong,chulijieguohuiduiweilaidezhiyeshengyayouchijiudefumianyingxiang。”zaideguo,1997nianmakesi·pulangkekexuecujinxuehuitongguo《zhiyikeyanbuduanxingweidesusongchengxu》,2001niandeyizhiyanjiulianhehuizhiding《yingduikeyanbuduandechengxu》bingguidingkeyanchengxinanjiandiaochazhongbixuyinrudisanfangshenchajizhi。


yabo手机版  er、dangqiankeyanshixinxingweichulizhongcunzaidechengxuxiaci


  kexueshizhuiqiuzhenlidekeguanxinghuodong,qizaibenyuanshangjiuyaoqiukeyanrenyuanjubeichengshishouxindejibensuzhi。keyanshixinxingweidefashengjiyizaochengshehuigongzhongduikeyangongzuozhedebuxinrennaizhiduizhenggekeyantixidezhiyi。yinci,womenyingtongguozhiduguizejinkenengjianshaokeyanshixinxingweidefasheng,shiqijibianfashengyenenggoujishiditongguozhiduguizebeijiuzheng。guojiazhidinghuoxiudingdaliangyukeyanchengxinjianshe、keyanshixinxingweichulixiangguandefalv、fagui、guizhangjiguifanxingwenjiandechuzhongjizaiyushiqianyufang,shituyifazhidefangshiezhikeyanshixin。tongguoquanmiankaochazheixieguizedejutineirong,tongshilixingshenshijinnianlaichuxiandedianxingkeyanshixinanjianchuliliucheng,womenbunanfaxian,dangqiankeyanshixinxingweichulizaichengxucengmianzhishaocunzaiyixiajigefangmiandexiaci。


  (yi)guizezhidingcengmian:zhutiduoyuanyu“tongyiwenti、butongchuli”


yabo手机版  muqianwoguoshejikeyanshixinxingweichulidefalv、fagui、guizhangyuguifanxingwenjianmingmufanduo,qizhidingzhutichengxianchuduoyuanhuatezheng,jiyouzuoweizuigaoguojialifajiguandequanguorendajiqichangweihui,yeyougejigeleiguojiaxingzhengjiguan,haiyouzuoweiminjianzuzhijigoudeshehuituanti、xingyexiehuideng。zhidezhuyideshi,guizhangyixiadeguifanxingwenjianzaicileiguizezhongzhanjujuedabufenbizhong。youyuguifanxingwenjianshimibufalvquexiandezhongyaoshouduanzhiyi,zaifalv、fagui、guizhangmeiyoumingwenguidingdeqingkuangxia,xingzhengjiguanzhidingdeguifanxingwenjianhuoshehuituanti、xingyexiehuizhidingdeneibuzhangchengyuguizenenggouyouxiaofuzhukeyanshixinxingweichuli。danyeyinweizhidingzhutiduoyuanfuzayijiguizhangyixiaguifanxingwenjian、shehuituantihuoxingyexiehuineibuguizequefabiyaodegangxing“lifa”guizeyueshu,suoyitongyiwenticunzaibutongchulidexianxiang,yixialianggefangmianjuyouyidingdedianxingxing。


  1.diaochazuchengyuanzuchengguidingxianghujiaocha。diaochazuchengyuanzuchengshikeyanshixinxingweichulideshouyaobuzhou,yidanfaxiankeyanshixinxingwei,diaochazujiyingqidongxiangyingdiaochachengxu;diaochazudechengyuanzuchengkexueyufouguanxidaoanjiannengfoudedaogongping、gongzheng、youxiaodechuli。《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》zuoweijiaoyubudebumenguizhang,qidi18tiaoguiding,“diaochazuyingdangbushaoyu3ren,biyaoshiyingdangbaokuoxuexiaojijian、jianchajigouzhipaidegongzuorenyuan”。《zhongguokexueyuanduikeyanbuduanxingweidediaochachulizanxingbanfa》zuoweiguojiazirankexuezuigaoxueshujigouchulikeyanshixinxingweidejibenguize,qidi9~12tiaoanzhaokeyanshixinxingweisuoshejidebeidiaocharenzhijiyijixuekelingyu、yewufanweijiangdiaochazuzhifenwei4gecengji,shejiyuanjiguanqianyankexueyujiaoyuju、zhongdakejirenwuju、kejicujinfazhanjudengyewubumenhuozongheguanlibumen、fenyuan、yanjiusuo,yuankeyandaodeweiyuanhui,yuankeyandaodeweiyuanhuibangongshi,beitousujubaorensuozaidanweikeyandaodezuzhijigoudeng。《zhongguoshehuikexueyuanguanyuchulixueshubuduanxingweidebanfa》zuoweiguojiazhexueshehuikexuezuigaoxueshujigouchulikeyanshixinxingweideyibanguize,jinzaidi7tiaoyuanxueshudaodeweiyuanhuizhizebufenguiding,“anzhaoxuekeshuxing,zhidingxiangguanyanjiusuojiyouguanbumenxiezhudiaochaquzhenghuoxingzhirending,bingtichuchuliyijian”。er《guize(shixing)》di17tiaojiangdiaochafenweixingzhengdiaochahexueshupingyi,bingguidingxueshupingyizhuanjiazubushaoyu5ren,danduixingzhengdiaochayuxueshupingyidezongdiaocharenshuwumingqueyaoqiu。yucitongshi,《guize(shixing)》duixingzhengdiaochazuchengyuandejutizuchengyiwumingwenguiding,jinzaidi6~9tiaoshedinglebutonganjianzhongfuzediaochadezuzhijigou,rubeidiaocharenshiziranrende,youqibeidiaochashisuozaidanweifuzediaocha;guojiacaizhengzijinzizhudekeyanxiangmushenbao、pingshen、shishi、jietihuodongzhongdekeyanshixinxingwei,youxiangmuhuojijinguanlibumenfuzediaocha;lunwenfabiaozhongdekeyanshixinxingwei,youdiyitongxunzuozhehuodiyizuozhedediyishumingdanweifuzeqiantoudiaochadeng。


yabo手机版  《guize(shixing)》yu《zhongguokexueyuanduikeyanbuduanxingweidediaochachulizanxingbanfa》、《zhongguoshehuikexueyuanguanyuchulixueshubuduanxingweidebanfa》shuyutongweijieguifanxingwenjian,sanzhezaiyouguandiaochazuchengyuanzuchengdeguidingshangcunzaiyidingchengdudejiaochazhongdie。zheiyejiuyiweizhe,tongyikeyanshixinxingweikeshiyongduozhongchuliguizeshi,kenengchuxiandiaochazhutide“duotouzhuyi”,yijuxiangguanguizeyongyoudiaochaquandeneibuzuzhijigoukenengchuxianxianghuzhengduohuotuiweidiaochachuliquandeqingkuang,shenzhibutongdiaochazuzhijigouhaikeyinziyoucailiangdebutongerchujuxianghumaodundechulijielun,zheiduikexue、youxiaodijiejuekeyanshixinxingweijiufenshijiweibulide。zaidiaochazuchengyuandezuidirenshushedingfangmian,《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》guidingde“bushaoyu3ren”yu《guize(shixing)》guidingde“bushaoyu5ren”bingfeiyizhi,qie《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》zaifalvweijiehefalvxiaolishangmingxiangaoyu《guize(shixing)》,zheizaixiangguanxingweichulizhongyijiangzaochengguizeshiyongkunhuo。


yabo手机版  2.shensuqixianguidingbujinyizhi。shensushigongminxunqiuhefaquanlijiuji、jianduquanlixingshidezhongyaofangshi。zaikeyanshixinxingweichulizhong,dangshirenruoduizuizhongchulijuedingbufu,keyifaxiangxiangguanzuzhijigoutichushensu。zongguanshejikeyanshixinxingweichulijuedingdeshensuguize,womenbunanfaxian,youguanshensuqixiandeguidingbujinyizhi,zhuyaofenweiyixia5zhongqingkuang。yishi10rinei。genju《putonggaodengxuexiaoxueshengguanliguiding》di60tiao,xueshengrucunzaixueshubuduanxingweiqieduixuexiaochulijuedingyouyiyi,kezijiedaochulijuedingshuzhiriqi10rineitichushensu。zheishimuqiankechazhaodaodeyouguankeyanshixinxingweichulijuedingshensutiaokuanzhongdezuiduanqixianguiding。ershi15rinei。genju《guize(shixing)》di40tiaodeguiding,“dangshirenduichulijuedingbufude,kezaishoudaochulijuedingshuzhiriqi15rinei,anzhaochulijuedingshuzaimingdejiujitujingxiangzuochudiaochachulijuedingdedanweihuobumenshumiantichufuchashenqing”。sanshi20rinei。《zhongguokexueyuanduikeyanbuduanxingweidediaochachulizanxingbanfa》di37tiaohe《guojiazirankexuejijinweiyuanhuijianduweiyuanhuiduikexuejijinzizhugongzuozhongbuduanxingweidechulibanfa(shixing)》di25tiaoguiding,ruduikeyanbuduanxingweichulibufu,kezishoudaojuedingshuzhiriqi20rineitichushensu。sishi30rinei。《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》di33tiao、《guojiakejijihuashishizhongkeyanbuduanxingweichulibanfa(shixing)》di29tiaozejiangshensuhuofuheqixianshedingwei30ri。wushiwushensuqixianguiding。ru《xueweilunwenzuojiaxingweichulibanfa》《zhongguoshehuikexueyuanguanyuchulixueshubuduanxingweidebanfa》dengshejikeyanshixinxingweichulideguidingzhongbingwushensujiqiqixiandeguiding。


yabo手机版  ruqiansuoshu,《guize(shixing)》《guojiakejijihuashishizhongkeyanbuduanxingweichulibanfa(shixing)》《zhongguokexueyuanduikeyanbuduanxingweidediaochachulizanxingbanfa》《guojiazirankexuejijinweiyuanhuijianduweiyuanhuiduikexuejijinzizhugongzuozhongbuduanxingweidechulibanfa(shixing)》dengtongshuguifanxingwenjian,zaifalvxiaoli、weijieyizhideqiantixia,rushensuqixianguidingfashengchongtu,zeanjiankeyiju“xinfayouyujiufa”“tebiefayouyuyibanfa”dechuliguizeshiyong《guize(shixing)》xiangguanguiding。dan《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》he《putonggaodengxuexiaoxueshengguanliguiding》junshubumenguizhang,falvxiaoli、weijiegaoyu《guize(shixing)》,genju“shangweifayouyuxiaweifa”dejibenguize,anjianyingyouxianshiyong《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》he《putonggaodengxuexiaoxueshengguanliguiding》zhongguanyushensuqixiandeguiding。zhidezhuyideshi,《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》deshiyongduixiangjibaokuoxueshengyebaokuojiaoshi,qidi29tiaomingqueguiding“xueshengyouxueshubuduanxingweide,haiyingdanganzhaoxueshengguanlidexiangguanguiding,jiyuxiangyingdexuejichufen”,danqizaishensuqixianguidingshangyouyu《putonggaodengxuexiaoxueshengguanliguiding》cunzaichongtu。ruoxueshengchuxiankeyanshixinxingwei,xiaofanggenju《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》huo《putonggaodengxuexiaoxueshengguanliguiding》duixueshengzuochuchulijueding,xueshengduichulijuedingyouyiyi,zeyijiangchuxianruhehefayouxiaodixuanzeshensuqixiandewenti。


  (er)shijianchulicengmian:yulunjianduyu“zhongxiaolv、qingchengxu”


  yulunjiandushikeyanchengxinjianshedezhongyaozuchengbufen,yeshigongminxingshijianduquandeyouxiaobiaoxianxingshi。《jiaoyubuguanyushulishehuizhuyirongruguanjinyibujiaqiangxueshudaodejianshedeyijian》yaoqiuchongfenfahuiwangluo、diantai、dianshi、baozhi、qikanhexueshutuantidezuoyong,xingchengyizunshouxueshudaodeweirong、yiweifanxueshudaodeweichidelianghaofenwei。yulunjianduzuoweilifa、sifa、xingzhengzhiwaide“disizhongquanli”,duikeyanshixinxingweidefaxian、diaochayuchulifahuilebuyaneryudexianzhuzuoyong,tebieshi“hulianwang+”shidaidewangluoyulunjiandugengshijubei“xianweijing”he“fangdajing”degongneng,nenggouduiguanlizhezaochenghendadeweishelihexinliyali。zheizhongweishewangwangshiyiba“shuangrenjian”,yifangmiannengezhikeyanshixinxingweidechansheng,lingyifangmiankenengshiguanlizhezaiyulungaoyaxiaweijinkuai“xishiningren”erhulvechengxuzhengdangdezhongyaoxing,congerchuxian“zhongxiaolv、qingchengxu”dexianxiang。


  1.suojianzhongyaochengxubuzhouerjingzhichulikeyanshixinxingwei。suojianzhongyaochengxubuzhou,jikeyanguanlijigoujiqidiaochazuzhiweiyangeyijufalv、fagui、guizhanghuoguifanxingwenjianguiding,hulvehuojianshaobiyaochengxuhuanjie,jinerzaijiaoduanshijianneichulikeyanshixinxingwei。beiwangluopuguangbingyinfayulunjiandu“hudiexiaoying”dezhaimouxueshubuduanshijianchulijiweigaiwentidedianxingdaibiao。juxiangguanziliao,2019nian2yue9rizhaimouduboqijiansuozhuanxiedeyipianlunwenbeimouwangyouzhichushexianchaoxi、piaoqie,2yue10riqiboshilunwenyibeipuguangshexianxueshubuduan,qiboshixueweishouyudanweiyu2yue11rishengmingjiangduicishizhankaidiaocha,bingyu2yue19rizhengshixuanbuchexiaoqiboshixuewei。gaianjianzhong,congyulunyinbaodaoxueweichexiaojin10yutianshijian,zairuciduanzandeshijianneixiaofangshifoutingqulezhaimoubenrendeyijian、zaizuochuchexiaoxueweichulijuedingqianshifougaozhizhaimoukeyitingzhengdengjunwucongdezhi,zhishaoxiaofanggongshide“diaochajinzhanqingkuangshuoming”bingweixianshiyilvxingshangshuchengxu。youfaxuezhuanjiamingquezhichu,rucikuaisuzuochuxiangguanchulijuedingbingbudakuairenxin,xueweishouyudanweichexiaoxueweibixushenzhiyoushen,erbunengweiyulunsuozuoyou。suojianzhongyaochengxubuzhoubudanshexiansunhaidangshirendehefaquanyi,erqieyishikeyanshixinxingweichulijigouzaihouxudeshensu、fuyihuosusongjieduanyinchengxubudangerchuyubulidiwei。shishishang,zaiyumousumoudaxueanzhong,ershenfayuanzaipanjuewenshu(beijingshidiyizhongjirenminfayuanjing01xingzhong277hao)zhongjimingquezhichu,yuangaoyinlunwenshexianchaoxibeisuozaidaxuechexiaoboshixuewei,ergaixuexiaozaizuochuchexiaoboshixueweichulijuedingqianjinyoudiaochaxiaozuyuetanguoyuangaoyici,bingweijiyuyuangaochongfendechenshuyushenbianjihui,beipanjuebaisu。


yabo手机版  2.jiyu“zhechou”xintaier“zouguochang”shichulikeyanshixinxingwei。“zai‘buwangchuxin、laojishiming’zhutijiaoyugongzuohuiyishang,xijinpingzongshujizhichu,‘jianshiwentiyaofangzhidaerhuazhi、gexuesaoyang,bizhongjiuqing、bishijiuxu’。zhimianwenti,jiubunengyou‘zhechouxintai’。zhechoubunengquji,zhihuizuaigaijindejiaobu。”zaikeyanshixinxingweichulizhong,jiyu“zhechou”xintaide“zouguochang”shichulibingfeixianjian,“bushaoxueshubuduanzhedanweiwangwangxiancaiqu‘wu’debanfa,jinxingneibuchuli,yimianzheizhongxingweiyingxiangbendanweideshengyuhefazhan”,tebieshizaiyulunjianduyalixia,chulijiguanrengshitubaozhejiaoxingxinlidengdai“wangluokuanghuan”sanjinhou“bulelezhi”。2019nian7yue1ri,mouwangyouweiboshimingjubaomoudaxueboshiyanjiushengdongmouhelimouboshixueweilunwenshexiandamianjichaoxi;7yue3ri,xiaofangzaiqiguanfangweibofabuxiaoxixuanchengzhenduiwangluozhiyiyichenglizhuanmengongzuozukaizhandiaochaheshigongzuo;danshizhijinri,gaixiaoshangweizaiguanfangwangzhan、weibo、weixingongzhonghaoshanggongkaifabuhechayuchulijieguo。genjugaixiaoxuefengjianshedexiangguanguiding,weifanxueshudaodejixueshubuduanxingweidediaochajielunxuzaixuexiaowangzhangongshi1geyue。yinci,bulunliangweixueshengdeboshixueweilunwenshifougouchengyanzhongchaoxi,jincongchengxujiaodukan,xiaofangjunyinganqixiaoguizaixuexiaowangzhanshishigongshidiaochajielun,zhudongjieshougongzhongjiandu。ciwai,genju《guize(shixing)》di24tiaodeguiding,“keyanchengxinanjianyingzijuedingshoulizhiriqi6geyueneiwanchengdiaocha。tebiezhongdafuzadeanjian,zaiqiankuanguidingqixianneirengbunengwanchengdiaochade,jingdanweizhuyaofuzerenpizhunhoukeyanzhangdiaochaqixian,yanzhangshijianzuizhangbudechaoguoyinian”。gaianxianranbushuyu“tebiezhongdafuza”qingxing,xiangyingchulijiguanyishexianchengxuweigui。gaixiaojinzaichuyuyulun“fengkoulangjian”shifabu“yizujiandiaochazu”“anjianzhengzaidiaochazhong”,shishishangquebugongkaichuliguocheng、bugongshichulijieguoshenzhichaoqibuchuli,zheizhishibiaomianshanggaoxiaolvdihuiyingleyulun。zheizhongyanzhongweifanzhengdangchengxude“zouguochang”“bifengtou”zuofa,budanwufa“zhechou”,xiangfankenengdaozhimouxiexueshenghuokeyanrenyuanxincunjiaoxing、“yishenshifa”,shikeyanshixinxianxiangzengjiashenzhifanlan;zheijiweibeiguojiakeyanchengxinjianshechuzhong,yebuliyujiangkeyanshixin“lingrongren”jizhizhenzhengluodaoshichu。


  san、keyanshixinxingweichulidechengxufazhiguizejiangou


  “chengxudezhengyishenzhijuedingshitijieguodezhengdangxing”,chengxuzhengyinengzuidachengdudibaohudangshirendehefaquanyi、weihulianghaodekeyanzhixu。ruqiansuoshu,muqianjiyouguojiafalv、fagui、guizhangjiguifanxingwenjianzhongyouguankeyanshixinxingweichulideguizecunzaizhuduochengxucengmiandexiaci,duiciwomenkeyicongyixiajigefangmianyuyiwanshan。


yabo手机版  (yi)jianlidiaochayuchulifenlijizhi


yabo手机版  diaochayuchulifenlijizhishizhizaikeyanshixinxingweichulizhongdiaochazuzhiyuzuizhongchulijuedingzuochujiguanxiangfenli。shezhigaijizhidezhuyaoyuanyinzaiyufangzhidiaochazuzhi“jidangyundongyuan,youdangcaipanyuan”,congerquebaokeyanshixinxingweichulidejibengongzheng。ruqiansuoshu,geleibumenguizhang、guifanxingwenjianshezhilebutongxingtai、butongchengyuanzuchengdekeyanshixinxingweidiaochazuzhi,zheixiezuzhizaifalvxingzhishangjiyouxingzhengjigou,yeyouxueshujigou,zaijuticaozuozhongrongyidaozhizhinengjiaocha。yinci,womenyinggenjukeyanshixinxingweideleixinglaijuedingdiaochazuzhizucheng:ruoshixinxingweishuyupiaoqiehuochaoxikeyanchengguo、weizaohuocuangaikeyanshuju、xugouzhuanjiapingyiyijian、maimaihuodaixielunwenhuoxiangmushenqingshu、budangshuming、weifankeyanlunlidengkeyanbuduan、xueshubuduan、xueshushifanfanchou,zediaocharenwuyouxueshuzhuanjiazuchengdexueshuweiyuanhuihuoxueshupingyizhuanjiazudengchengdan,zheileizhuanyexingzuzhiyurenyuankeyigenjukeyanlingyuteyoudexingweiguifanpandingmouxingweishifougouchengkeyanbuduan、xueshubuduanhuoxueshushifan;ruoshixinxingweishuyucaiquhuilu、liyijiaohuandengbuzhengdangshouduanhuoqukeyanxiangmu、keyanjingfei、keyanjiangliyurongyu、zhichengzhiwudengxueshufubaifanchou,zediaochazuyingbaokuoxueshuzhuanjiayujijian、shenji、jianchadengzhinengbumenrenyuan,danzheiliangleirenyuanzaidiaochaguochengzhongyingdangfengongfuze,budexianghuganshexueshushiwuyuxingzhengshiwudechuli。


yabo手机版  diaochazuwanchengxiangyingkeyanshixinxingweidiaocharenwuhou,yingjiangdiaochajieguoyisongzhizuizhongchulijuedingzuochujiguan,diaochazubunengdaixingchulizhiquan,zhiduotichuchulijianyi。genjuxianxingguiding,zuizhongchulijuedingzuochujiguanyibanweikeyanshixinxingweirensuozaidegaodengxuexiaohuokeyanjigoudeng“youguanjigouhuodanwei”;cizhongshezhisuiranfuheneiburenyuanyusuozaidanweidexingzhenglishuxingyuanli,danjiaoyizaochengbumenbaohuzhuyi。yinci,2007niankejibu、jiaoyubu、zhongguokexueyuan、zhongguogongchengyuan、guojiazirankexuejijinweiyuanhui、zhongguokexuejishuxiehuidengbumenlianhejianlidekeyanchengxinjianshelianxihuiyizhidukeshengjiwei“guojiakeyanchengxinweiyuanhui”,qiketongguofalvbeifuyuxingzhengzhiquan,bingzaigeshengfenjianlikeyanchengxinfenweiyuanhui。keyanshixinrensuozaidanweijinxiangsuozaishengfenkeyanchengxinfenweiyuanhuitijiaoguanyuzuizhongchulijuedingdejianyi,keyanshixinxingweiyibanyoufenweiyuanhuizuochuzuizhongdechulijueding。zaishehuishangzaochengelieyingxianghuoqitatebiezhongdayingxiangdekeyanshixinxingwei,zekeyoufenweiyuanhuitijiaoguojiakeyanchengxinweiyuanhuijueding。


yabo手机版  (er)youhuaxinxigongkaiyubaomizhidu


  xinxigongkaiyubaomizhidushizhizaikeyanshixinxingweichuliguochengzhongyingjianchigongkaiyubaomibingju,heliqufenyinggongkaixinxiyuyingbaomixinxi。xinxigongkaiyubaomizhiduduiyifaweihukeyanchengxinanjiandangshirendequanlizhiguanzhongyao。xinxigongkaizhuyaocezhongyuduikeyanshixinxingweichuliguochengzhongdequanlijinxingjiandu。《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》di4tiao、《guize(shixing)》di48tiaojunyaoqiuzaikeyanshixinxingweidiaochachulizhongjianlixinxitongbaoyugongkaizhidu。jutieryan,xinxigongkaizhiduzhuyaohangaiyixiacengmian。yishichuliyijugongkai。zuoweishixinxingweichulijieguoyijudeguifanxingfalvwenjianbixuyidangshirenbianyuchazhao、huoqudefangshiyuyigongkai,zuizhongchulijiguanbudeyi“neibuxinxixubaomi”weiyouerjujuegongkai;weijinggongkaidebudezuoweixingweiyiju。ershichuliguochengyouxiangongkai。diaochajiguanyuchulijiguanxuyishidangfangshigongkaichuliguocheng,rufabuchuliliuchengtu、gongshidiaochazuzhongxiangguanzhinengbumendegouchengdeng;danweibaozhangdiaocharenyuanxiangduidulidixingshizhiquan,jutidiaochagongzuorenyuanxingmingdengkebubeigongkai,qiejubaoweijingchashiqian,diaochazujiqigongzuorenyuanyebudegongkaixiangguananjianqingkuang。sanshichulijieguogongkai。diaochazuguanyumouxingweishifougouchengkeyanshixindediaochajielunyijizuizhongchulijuedingzuochujiguanduidangshirenzuochudechulijuedingbixuyifaanshixiangongkai,bingqiechulijuedingxuyishumianfangshisongdadangshiren;diaochazuruguofaxianxiangguanjubaoshishi、zhikongbudang,zeyiyingjishichengqingshishi、gongkaixiangguandiaochaqingkuang,yiweihubeijubaorendemingyuquandenghefaquanyi。


  xinxibaomizhuyaocezhongyuduikeyanshixinanjianzhongdejubaorenhebeijubaoren、zhengrendengxiangguandangshirendequanlibaohu,bimianduixiangguandangshirenzaochengbubiyaodefumianyingxiang。《guize(shixing)》di43tiao、di45tiaofenbieguiding,“canyudiaochachuligongzuoderenyuanyingzunshougongzuojilv,qianshubaomixieyi,budesiziliucun、yinni、zhaichao、fuzhihuoxieluwentixiansuohesheanziliao,weijingyunxubudetouluhuogongkaidiaochachuligongzuoqingkuang”“diaochachuliyingbaohujubaoren、beijubaoren、zhengrendengdehefaquanyi,budexieluxiangguanxinxi,budejiangjubaocailiaozhuanjibeijubaorenhuobeijubaodanweidengliyishejifang”。baomizhiduguanchuanwenxun、diaochayuchulijuedingdequanguocheng,qiyuxinxigongkaibingxingbubei,baomishigongkaideliwai。suoweibaomijinzhiteshuxinxidebaomi,rushejijubaoren、beijubaoren、zhengrengerenyinsidexinxi,anjiandiaochazhongdekeyanxinxi,jueceguocheng,huiyijiludeng。duici,woguokejiejianmeiguo《guanyukeyanbuduanxingweidelianbangzhengce》zhong“chengxugongzhengxinghejishixingzhinan”xiangguanzuofa,“weijinkenengzuodaogongpinghelidediaochabingquebaozaifalvxukedefanweinei,jubaorenhebeijubaorendexinxibixukongzhizaiquexuzhidaoderendefanweinei。yougebumenzaichulikeyanbuduanxingweizhikongguochengzhongsuobaocundejiluyizhaoxinxiziyoufajizaixiangyingdefalvfaguiyunxudefanweineibuxuyaojinxingpilu”。


yabo手机版  (san)jianlizhongdashixiangtingzhengzhidu


yabo手机版  《gaodengxuexiaoyufangyuchulixueshubuduanxingweibanfa》di21tiaomingqueyaoqiu:“diaochazuzaidiaochaguochengzhong,yingdangrenzhentingqubeijubaorendechenshu、shenbian,duiyouguanshishi、liyouhezhengjujinxingheshi;renweibiyaode,keyicaiqutingzhengfangshi。”《guojiakejijihuashishizhongkeyanbuduanxingweichulibanfa(shixing)》di24tiaozhichu:“keyanbuduanxingweiyingxiangzhongdahuozhengyijiaodade,keyijuxingtingzhenghui。”chuciyiwai,qitafalv、fagui、guizhangjiguifanxingwenjianjunweiguidingkeyanshixinxingweichulizhongdetingzhengzhidu。yejiushishuo,muqianwoguokeyanshixinxingweichulizhongdetingzhengjinxianyuxueshubuduanxingweiyukeyanbuduanxingweilingyu,qiecileitingzhengdefanweihexingshibingbushifenmingque。shishishang,zaimeiguo、yingguo、deguodengguojiahuodiqudekeyanshixinanjianchulizhong,tingzhengshibukehuoquedechengxu。yinci,woguoyingjiangzhongdashixiangtingzhengzhiduyingyongyubaokuoxueshubuduan、keyanbuduan、xueshufubai、xueshushifandengdesuoyoukeyanshixinxingweichulizhong,yichongfenxinadangshirenduikeyanshixinxingweichulideyijian,fangzhipiantingpianxin。


  suowei“zhongda”jinxianyukeyanshixinxingweichulijuedingduixiangduiyifangquanligouchengzhongdasunhaideqingxing,bingfeisuoyouchulijuedingdezuochujunxuyitingzhengchengxuweibijingbuzhou。chengruribenfaxuejiaoshouyanyehongsuoyan:“tingzhengchengxu,xijiangbuliyichufenzhongxuke、renkedengzhichexiao、mingyirenzigehuodiweizhiboduo、dongjianshizhijiezhiminglingdengsuoweibuliyichengxujiaoqiangzhixingweiyuyilieju,cidengkechengweifadingtingzheng。ciwai,xingweiguanshuyiqicailiangpanduan,zongguanyucidengyiwaizhibuliyichufen,renweixiangdangshi,yidecaiqutingzhengchengxu,cikeweirenyitingzheng。”genju《guize(shixing)》di28tiaoguanyuchulicuoshidelieju,zaikeyanshixinxingweichulizhong,ruchulijiguanyuduixiangduiyifangcaiquruxiachulicuoshi,zeyingdangyijuzhiquanjuxingtingzheng:zhongzhihuochexiaoguojiacaizhengzizhudekeyanxiangmu,chexiaoliyongkeyanshixinxingweiqudedekeyanjiangli、rongyuchenghaoyuzhiwuzhichengdeng,yongjiuquxiaoshenqingkeyanxiangmuhuokeyanjiangli、rongyuchenghao、zhiwuzhichengjinshengdengzige,quxiaoyiqudedegaocengcizhuanjiachenghao、zhongyaoxueshutuantiyujigoudeweiyuanhuochengyuanzige,yongjiuquxiaozuoweitimingren、beitimingren、tuijianren、beituijianrenyijipingshenzhuanjiadengzige,quxiaoyanjiushengdaoshizige,bushouyuxueweihuochexiaoxuewei。zhiyuqitachulicuoshi,xiangduiyifangruorenweiqiyanzhongsunhaizishenhefaquanyi,yikeshenqingchulijiguanjuxingtingzheng,shifoujuxingtingzhengyouchulijiguancaijue。


yabo手机版  zhidezhuyideshi,weiquebaotingzhengjieguodegongzhengxing,zaitingzhengjuxingguochengzhong,keyanshixinxingweidediaocharenyuan、chulirenyuanbudecanjiatingzheng,tingzhengzhinengyoufeibenandiaocharenyuanzhuchi。yucitongshi,yintingzhengerchanshengdexiangguanjilucailiaoyingzuoweizuizhongchulijuedingdezhongyaoyiju,“zuochucaijuedeyiju,bunengshilihaiguanxidangshirenweicengyoujihuijianyan(qizhenshixing)、jieshihuopiboguodeanjuanzhiwaidemimizhengjuhuocailiao。yiqieyongyucaijuedeshishidoubixuweidangshirensuozhixiao,doubixushijingguobianlunledeshishi”。


  (si)wanshanxingzhengfuyiyuxingzhengsusongzhidu


  xingzhengfuyiyuxingzhengsusongshishensuzhiwaikeyanshixinxingweichulixiangduiyifangquanlijiujidezhongyaofangshi。muqianwoguoyouguankeyanshixinxingweichulidefalv、fagui、guizhangjiguifanxingwenjiandaduodouzhishejishensu,jinyou《xueweilunwenzuojiaxingweichulibanfa》di13tiaoji《guojiakejijihuashishizhongkeyanbuduanxingweichulibanfa(shixing)》di32tiaoguidinglexiangduiyifangdexingzhengfuyihuoxingzhengsusongquanli。kejibu、jiaoyubu、shengjikejiyujiaoyuxingzhengzhuguanjiguanyijigaodengxuexiao、zirankexuehuoshehuikexueyanjiujigoudengzuoweixingzhengjiguanhuo“falvfaguiguizhangshouquan”dezuzhi,zaifalv、fagui、guizhangguidingfanweineiduineibukeyanrenyuan、jiaoshi、xueshengxiangyoukeyanxingzhengguanliquanli。qianshuzhongzhihuochexiaocaizhengzizhudexiangguankeyanxiangmu,chexiaoxueshujiangli、rongyuchenghao、zhiwuzhicheng,yongjiuquxiaoshenqinghuoshenbaokejijihuaxiangmudezige,chexiaoxueweidengkebeinarudanfangjiechuxingzhenghetong,chexiaoxingzhengxukehuochexiaoxingzhengquerendengxingweifanchou,zheileixingweijiangduixiangduiyifangderenshenquan、caichanquanhuoshoujiaoyuquandenghefaquanyichanshengshijiyingxiang。genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxingzhengfuyifa》di6tiao、《xingzhengsusongfa》di12tiaodeguiding,keyanshixinxingweichulijuedingxiangduiyifangkeyifatiqixingzhengfuyihuoxingzhengsusong。zaixingzhengfuyihuoxingzhengsusongdeguochengzhong,xiangduiyifangbujinnengduichulijuedingbenshenshenqinghefaxingshencha,haikeyiduigaichulijuedingsuoyijudeguifanxingwenjiandehefaxingyibingtichufudaishenchashenqing。xingzhengfuyijiguanhuorenminfayuanxuduikeyanshixinanjianzhongdechunxueshupanduanwentibaochibiyaodekezhiyuqianyi,zheishixueshubenshendetezhishiran,chunxueshuwentipanduanshizhuanjiadezhuanshulingdi。fuyijiguanhuorenminfayuanjinxuduikeyanshixinxingweichulijuedingsuoshejidezhengjushishishifouchongfen、falvshiyongshifouzhengque、chengxulvxingshifoudaowei、shifoucunzaichaoyuezhiquanhuolanyongziyoucailiangquandengqingkuangyuyishencha。


    (cankaowenxianlve)